Gartner has released a report indicating that the global sales of smartphones reached 349 million units in 1Q16, a 3.9% increase over the same period in 2015. Smartphone sales represented 78% of total mobile phone sales in 1Q16.

Smartphone sales were driven by demand for low-cost smartphones in emerging markets and for affordable 4G smartphones, led by 4G connectivity promotion plans from communications service providers (CSPs) in many markets worldwide.

"In a slowing smartphone market where large vendors are experiencing growth saturation, emerging brands are disrupting existing brands' long-standing business models to increase their share," said Anshul Gupta, research director at Gartner. "With such changing smartphone market dynamics, Chinese brands are emerging as the new top global brands. Two Chinese brands ranked within the top five worldwide smartphone vendors in 1Q15, and represented 11% of the market. In 1Q16, there were three Chinese brands (Huawei, Oppo and Xiaomi) and they achieved 17% of the market."

Oppo had the best performance in the quarter, moving into the fourth position with unit sales growth of 145%. Like Huawei and Xiaomi, Oppo saw strong growth in China, taking share from players such as Lenovo, Samsung and Yulong. Huawei saw strong smartphone demand in Europe, the Americas and Africa, while Xiaomi and Oppo saw their smartphone sales in emerging Asia/Pacific rise by 20% and 199%, respectively.

![EEOL 2016MAY23 RFD NT 06 01](//images.contentful.com/455ppwo7h7ge/57pup9NyLSgOcUkGyuy86W/fd4e21e286ee04c9ec00c51b7b78f387/EEOL_(2016MAY23_RFD_NT_06_01.jpg) Figure 1: Worldwide smartphone sales to end users by vendor in 1Q16 (Thousands of Units) (Source: Gartner May 2016)

In 1Q16, Samsung extended its lead over Apple with 23% market share. "Samsung's Galaxy S7 series phones and renewed portfolio positioned it as a strong competitor in the smartphone market, and more so in the emerging markets where it has been facing fierce competition from local manufacturers," said Gupta.

Apple had its first double-digit decline YoY, with iPhone sales down 14%. Apple's "upgrade programme" in the U.S. has helped sweeten its flagship iPhone 6s and 6s model pricing to drive sales in its largest smartphone market. Apple is also exploring ways to refarm second-hand iPhones coming through the programme in emerging markets.

Lenovo disappeared from the top five smartphone vendor ranking as well as the top 10 mobile phone vendor market in 1Q16. "Lenovo had another challenging quarter with its worldwide smartphone sales declining 33%," said Gupta. "Its smartphone sales fell by 75% in Greater China, where it faced strong competition from local brands. Lenovo is also struggling to bring synergies with Motorola's device business, managing lower costs and overheads of the two brands."

In terms of the smartphone operating system (OS) market, Android regained share over iOS and Windows to achieve 84% share. "As mature smartphone markets are reaching saturation, Google is pursuing new revenue growth opportunities by expanding the reach of its platforms in cars, wearables, connected homes, immersive experiences and more," said Roberta Cozza, research director at Gartner.

"Despite the Android platform's advancements and its dominant market share, the challenges of profitability remain for a number of Android players. This will have an impact on the vendor landscape where new or more innovative business models will increasingly become key to succeed."

EEOL 2016MAY23 RFD NT 06 02 Figure 2: Worldwide smartphone sales to end users by operating system in 1Q16 (Thousands of Units) (Source: Gartner May 2016)

"Nokia's announced return to the smartphone and tablet markets will not be an easy mission," said Gupta. "In today's market it takes much more than a well-known brand to sell devices. Making good hardware won't be an issue for Nokia, but users need a compelling reason to remain loyal to the same brand. Furthermore, that the smartphone market is slowing down makes it difficult for mobile phone vendors to reach previous levels of growth. New company HMD is entering the market at a less prosperous time, making it even more difficult for the vendor to do well in the short term," added Gupta.