Green microphones fill the low-power gap by dividing by a ratio of at least 5 the power consumption in always-listening mode.
The trend for intuitive and simple user interfaces is driving the growing demand for voice control, either for complementing or for replacing keyboards, touchscreens and other traditional controls, according to Grenoble, France-based IP provider Dolphin Integration.
This need for a new generation of ‘green’ microphones leads to embedding the capability for waking up the rest of the system as soon as a voice activity is detected, possibly once a keyword has been spotted, while enhancing the recording quality with high sensitivity in far field and near field environments.
The combination of a complete analog-to-digital converter (ADC) with a voice processing DSP has, Dolphin asserts, reached its limits for lowering power consumption. Voice detection by a DSP in always-listening mode is proving to be unsatisfactory for IoT applications powered by small batteries or even on a smartphone. Green microphones fill the low-power gap by reducing by a ratio of at least five, the power consumption in always-listening mode.
To increase battery life far beyond any current solution, and to improve the sound recording quality, such green microphones require a new generation of ultra-low power voice triggers and fast response ADC modulators. The DSP can then be embedded in the same SoC as the sound signal buffer and perform the ADC decimation and filtering functions.
Dolphin Integration, building on its work in delta-sigma converters for audio applications, has designed the first silicon IP–mMOD67.5-ROOSTER-VD.01–targeting green microphones which combines an ultra-low power voice activity detector (WhisperTrigger-a) with an ultra-low power ADC modulator. Using a self-adaptive design, the WhisperTrigger-a performs highly accurate voice detection, with a negligible detection latency, thus permitting efficient key-word spotting or speech-to-text recognition by the DSP, whatever the user environment.
Features of the mMOD67.5-ROOSTER-VD.01 include:
- Ultra-low power consumption
- 25µA in Voice Detection mode
- 360µA in full performance Record mode from 20Hz to 20kHz, at Fmclk = 1.536MHz
- SNR: 67.5dB at -26dBFs in the [20 - 20k] bandwidth (A-weighted), at Fmclk = 1.536MHz
- Fast wake-up time of the ADC modulator: lower than 1msec
- Efficient detection performance in far-field context (per the MIWOK-C r1.0 benchmark):
- 27msec of average detection latency
- 97.7% of Voice Detected as a Voice (VDV) within the first phoneme
- 3.6% of Noise Detected as a Voice (NDV)
The mMOD67.5-ROOSTER is straightforward to integrate in the microphone with no need for end-user training.
Figure 1: The illustration shows the architecture of the IP, and a typical applications block diagram. (Source: Dolphin Integration)
A discussion about the company's WhisperTrigger voice activity detector can be seen in the following video: